23: Phantom sensations

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Elbert T, Sterr A, Flor H, Rockstroh B, Knecht S, Pantev C, Wienbruch C, Taub E (1997) Inputincrease and input-decrease types of cortical reorganization after upper extremity amputation in humans. Exp Brain Res 117: 161-164

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Karl A, Birbaumer N, Lutzenberger W, Cohen LG, Flor H (2001) Reorganization of motor and somatosensory cortex in upper extremity amputees with phantom limb pain. J Neurosci 21: 3609-3618

Karl A, Muhlnickel W, Kurth R, Flor H (2004) Neuroelectric source imaging of steady-state movement- related cortical potentials in human upper extremity amputees with and without phantom limb pain. Pain 110: 90-102

Katz J (1992) Psychophysiological contributions to phantom limbs. Canadian J Psychiatry 37: 282-298

Katz J, Melzack R (1990) Pain “memories” in phantom limbs: Review and clinical observations. Pain 43: 319-336

Knecht S, Henningsen H, Elbert T, Flor H, Hohling C, Pantev C, Taub E (1996) Reorganizational and perceptional changes after amputation. Brain 119: 1213-1219

Knecht S, Henningsen H, Hohling C, Elbert T, Flor H, Pantev C, Taub E (1998) Plasticity of plasticity? Changes in the pattern of perceptual correlates of reorganization after amputation. Brain 121: 717-724

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Liepert J, Bauder H, Miltner WHR, Taub E, Weiller C (2000) Treatment-induced cortical reorganization after stroke in humans. Stroke 31: 1210-1216

Liepert J, Miltner WHR, Bauder H, Sommer M, Dettmers C, Taub E, Weiller C (1998) Motor cortex plasticity during constraint-induced movement therapy in stroke patients. Neurosci Lett 250: 5-8

Lotze M, Flor H, Grodd W, Larbig W, Birbaumer N (2001) Phantom movements and pain - An MRI study in upper limb amputees. Brain 124: 2268-2277

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Melzack R (2005) Evolution of the neuromatrix theory of pain. Pain Pract 5: 85-94

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