25: Focal dystonia: diagnostic, therapy, rehabilitation

Altenmüller E (2003) Focal dystonia: advances in brain imaging and understanding of fine motor control in musicians. Hand Clin 19(3): 523-538

Altenmüller E (2007) From the Neanderthal to the concert hall: development of sensory motor skills and brain plasticity in music performance. In: A Williamon, D Coimbra (eds): Proceedings of the International Symposium on Performance Science 2007. European Association of Conservatoires (AEC), Utrecht

Bara-Jimenez W, Shelton P, Hallett M (2000) Spatial discrimination is abnormal in focal hand dystonia. Neurology 55 (12): 1869-1873

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Braun C, Schweizer R, Heinz U, Wiech K, Birbaumer N, Topka H (2003) Task-specific plasticity of somatosensory cortex in patients with writer’s cramp. Neuroimage 20: 1329-1338

Byl N, Nagarajan SS, Newton N, McKenzie AL (2000) Effect of sensory discrimination training on structure and function in a musician with focal hand dystonia. Phys Therapy Case Reports 3: 94-113

Byl NN, McKenzie A (2000) Treatment effectiveness for patients with a history of repetitive hand use and focal hand dystonia: a planned prospective follow-up study. J Hand Ther 13(4): 289-301

Byl NN, McKenzie A (2002) The effect of sensory discrimination training on structure and function in patients with focal hand dystonia: 3 case series. Arch of Phys Med and Rehab 84: 1505-1514

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Byl NN, Priori A (2006) The development of focal dystonia in musicians as a consequence of maladaptive plasticity: implications for intervention. In: E Altenmüller, J Kesselring, M Wiesendanger (eds): Music motor control and the brain. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Candia V, Schafer T, Taub E, Rau H, Altenmüller E, Rockstroh B, Elbert T (2002) Sensory motor retuning: a behavioral treatment for focal hand dystonia of pianists and guitarists. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 83(10): 1342-1348

Candia V, Wienbruch C, Elbert T, Rockstroh B, Ray W (2003) Effective behavioral treatment of focal hand dystonia in musicians alters somatosensory cortical organization. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100(13): 7942-7946

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Delmaire C, Krainik A, Tézenas du Montcel S, Gerardin E, Meunier S, Mangin JF, Sangla S, Garnero L, Vidailhet M, Lehéricy S (2005) Disorganized somatotopy in the putamen of patients with focal hand dystonia. Neurology 64(8): 1391-1396

Deuschl G, Bain P (2002) Deep brain stimulation for tremor [correction of trauma]: patient selection and evaluation. Mov Disord 17 (Suppl 3): S102-11

Elbert T, Candia V, Altenmüller E, Rau H, Rockstroh B, Pantev C, Taub E (1998) Alteration of digital representations in somatosensory cortex in focal hand dystonia. Neuroreport 16: 3571-3575

Elbert T, Pantev C, Wienbruch C, Rockstroh B, Taub E (1995) Increased cortical representation of the fingers of the left hand in string players. Science 270(5234): 305-307

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Fahn S, Bressman SB, Marsden CD (1998) Classification of dystonia. Adv Neurol 78: 1-10

Fiorio M, Tinazzi M, Bertolasi L, Aglioti SM (2003) Temporal processing of visuotactile and tactile stimuli in writer’s cramp. Ann Neurol 53(5): 630-635

Flor H, Braun C, Elbert T, Birbaumer N (1997) Extensive reorganization of primary somatosensory cortex in chronic back pain patients. Neurosci Lett 224(1): 5-8

Fukaya C, Katayama Y, Kano T, Nagaoka T, Kobayashi K, Oshima H, Yamamoto T (2007) Thalamic deep brain stimulation for writer’s cramp. J Neurosurg 107(5): 977-982

Jabusch HC, Altenmüller E (2006) Epidemiology, phenomenology and therapy of musician’s cramp. In: E Altenmüller, J Kesselring, M Wiesendanger (eds): Music, motor control and the brain. Oxford University Press, Oxford

Jabusch HC, Müller SV, Altenmüller E (2004) Anxiety in musicians with focal dystonia and those with chronic pain. Mov Disord 19(10): 1169-1175

Jabusch HC, Schneider U, Altenmüller E (2004) Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) improves motor control in a patient with musician’s dystonia. Mov Disord 19(8): 990-991

Jabusch HC, Zschucke D, Schmidt A, Schuele S, Altenmüller E (2005) Focal dystonia in musicians: treatment strategies and long-term outcome in 144 patients. Mov Disord 20(12): 1623-1626

Jankovic J (ed) (2005) Dystonia. Seminars in Clinical Neurology, Vol 3. Demos Medical Publishing LLC, New York

Lederman RJ (1991) Focal dystonia in instrumentalists: clinical features. Med Probl Perform Art 6(4): 132-136

Lenz FA, Byl NN (1999) Reorganization in the cutaneous core of the human thalamic principal somatic sensory nucleus (Ventral caudal) in patients with dystonia. J Neurophysiol 82(6): 3204-3212

Liepert J, Tegenthoff M, Malin JP (1995) Changes in cortical motor area size during immobilization. Clin Neurophysiol 97: 382-386

Lim V, Altenmüller E (2003) Musicians Cramp: Instrumental and gender differences. Med Probl Perf Artists 18: 21-27

McKenzie AL, Nagarajan SS, Roberts TP, Merzenich MM, Byl NN (2003) Somatosensory representation of the digits and clinical performance in patients with focal hand dystonia. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 82: 737-749

Molloy FM, Carr TD, Zeuner KE, Dambrosia JM, Hallett M (2003)Abnormalities of spatial discrimination in focal and generalized dystonia. Brain 126: 2175-2182

Münte TF, Altenmüller E, Jäncke L (2002) The musician’s brain as a model of neuroplasticity. Nature Reviews 3: 473-478

Nakashima K, Kusumi M, Inoue Y, Takahashi K (1995) Prevalence of focal dystonias in the western area of Tottori Prefecture in Japan. Mov Disord 10(4): 440-443

Naumann M, Magyar-Lehmann S, Reiners K, Erbguth F, Leenders KL (2000) Sensory tricks in cervical dystonia: perceptual dysbalance of parietal cortex modulates frontal motor programming. Ann Neurol 47(3): 322-328

Naumann M, Pirker W, Reiners K, Lange KW, Becker G, Brucke T (1998) Imaging the pre- and postsynaptic side of striatal dopaminergic synapses in idiopathic cervical dystonia: a SPECT study using [123I] epidepride and [123I] beta-CIT. Mov Disord 13(2): 319-323

Nutt JG, Muenter MD, Melton LJ 3rd, Aronson A, Kurland LT (1988) Epidemiology of dystonia in Rochester, Minnesota. Adv Neurol 50: 361-365

Nygaard TG, Marsden CD, Fahn S (1991) Doparesponsive dystonia: long-term treatment response and prognosis. Neurology 41(2 (Pt 1)): 174-181

Pesenti A, Barbieri S, Priori A (2004) Limb immobilization for occupational dystonia: a possible alternative treatment for selected patients. Adv Neurol 94: 247-254

Preibisch C, Berg D, Hofmann E, Solymosi L, Naumann M (2001) Cerebral activation patterns in patients with writer’s cramp: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study. J Neurol 248(1): 10-17

Ragert P, Schmid A, Altenmüller E, Dinse R (2004) Meta-plasticity in musicians. Eur J Neurosci 19: 473-478

Rosenbaum F, Jankovic J (1988) Focal task-specific tremor and dystonia; categorization of occupational movement disorders. Neurology 38: 522-527

Rosenkranz K, Altenmüller E, Siggelkow S, Dengler R (2000) Alteration of sensorimotor integration in musician’s cramp: Impaired focusing of proprioception. Clin Neurophysiol 111: 2040-2045

Rosenkranz K, Butler K, Williamon A, Cordivari C, Lees AJ, Rothwell JC (2008) Sensorimotor reorganization by proprioceptive training in musician’s dystonia and writer’s cramp. Neurology 70(4): 304-315

Rosenkranz K, Williamon A, Butler K, Cordivari C, Lees AJ, Rothwell JC (2005) Pathophysiological differences between musician’s dystonia and writer’s cramp. Brain 128: 918-931

Sanger TD, Tarsy DM, Pascual-Leone A (2001) Abnormalities of spatial and temporal sensory discrimination in writer’s cramp. Mov Disord 16: 94-99

Schmidt A, Jabusch HC, Altenmüller E, Hagenah J, Brüggemann N, Hedrich K, Saunders-Pullman R, Bressman SB, Kramer PL, Klein C (2006) Dominantly transmitted focal dystonia in families of patients with musician’s cramp. Neurology 67(4): 691-693

Schuele SU, Jabusch HC, Lederman RJ, Altenmüller E (2005) Botulinum toxin injections of musician’s dystonia. Neurology 64: 341-343

Tinazzi M, Fiaschi A, Rosso T, Faccioli F, Grosslercher J, Aglioti SM (2000) Neuroplastic changes related to pain occur at multiple levels of the human somatosensory system: A somatosensoryevoked potentials study in patients with cervical radicular pain. J Neurosci 20(24): 9277-9283

Topka H, Jankovic J, Dichgans J (2002) Dyskinesias. In: T Brandt, L Caplan, J Dichgans, HC Diener, C Kennard (eds): Neurological disorders: course and treatment. Academic Press, New York

Tubiana R, Chamagne P (2000) Prolonged rehabilitation treatment of musician’s focal dystonia. In: R Tubiana, PC Amadio (eds): Medical problems of the instrumentalist musician. Martin Dunitz Ltd, London

Zeuner KE, Bara-Jimenez W, Noguchi PS, Goldstein SR, Dambrosia JM, Hallett M (2002) Sensory training for patients with focal hand dystonia. Ann Neurol 51(5): 593-598

Zeuner KE, Hallett M (2003) Sensory training as treatment for focal hand dystonia: A 1-year follow up. Mov Disord 18: 1044-1047

<link>Ref: « The neuroscience and phenomenology of sensory loss
<link>Ref: » Self-injurious behavior
<link>references: chapters, <link>all

<link>contents «Human Haptic Perception», Grunwald (Ed.)